"Knowledge management (KM) comprises a range of strategies and practices used […] to identify, create, represent, distribute, and enable adoption of insights and experiences. Such insights and experiences comprise knowledge, either embodied in individuals or embedded […] as processes or practices" (Wikipedia, 2012). These 'strategies' and 'practices', together with any material means to implement them, makes knowledge management a 'technology'. How this technology works and how effective it is depends, at least in part, on how knowledge is defined. And yet, we can leave the concept of 'knowledge' undefined and still describe particular technologies used to manage it.
- Titles and subtitles, which provide a snapshot of the oncoming content and are also used to group contents under the same subtitle.
- Abstracts, summaries, etc, which help synthesize information.
- Notes, footnotes, parentheses, etc, used for adding extraneous information.
- Standard formatting:
- Typical research report format: abstract, introduction, methods, results, discussion, conclusions, references and appendices)
- Research report format by Science and Nature: abstract, introduction, results, discussion, conclusions, references; methods and appendices.
- Inverted pyramid of news writing.
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