|[Data]||[<Normal page] [PEREZGONZALEZ Jose D (2012). Nutritional balance of "liquid breakfast" drinks. Journal of Knowledge Advancement & Integration (ISSN 1177-4576), 2012, pages 149-151.]|
"Liquid breakfast" drinks' BNI
Perezgonzalez assessed the nutritional balance of on-the-go ready-breakfast-meals in 2012, as part of a research on the nutritional composition of breakfast in New Zealand.
"Liquid breakfast" drinks had, on average, a nutritional balance of BNI 59.58s, being particularly biased towards excess of sugar. They were also adequate in protein, carbohydrate, saturated fat, fiber and sodium, and low in fat.
"Liquid breakfast" drinks appeared as moderately to highly unbalanced according to international Recommended Dietary Intakes (RDIs).
|Illustration 3: Nutritional balance across international RDIs|
|Up&Go Vive banana||Sanitarium||44.88||56.56||14.83||44.83||42.83|
|Up&Go Vive wild berry||Sanitarium||47.91||62.98||17.61||47.61||45.61|
|Primo Extremo chocolate||Fonterra||54.93||69.75||24.93||54.93||50.93|
|Primo Extremo coffee||Fonterra||54.98||69.38||24.98||55.12||50.98|
|Primo Extremo banana||Fonterra||55.80||70.58||25.80||55.90||51.80|
|Up&Go Liquid Breakfast banana||Sanitarium||60.53||66.56||30.53||60.53||58.53|
|Up&Go Liquid Breakfast strawberry||Sanitarium||60.53||66.56||30.53||60.53||58.53|
|Up&Go Liquid Breakfast choc ice||Sanitarium||60.96||66.11||30.96||60.96||58.96|
|Up&Go Liquid Breakfast vanilla ice||Sanitarium||60.96||66.11||30.96||60.96||58.96|
|Primo Extremo vanilla||Fonterra||66.00||82.24||36.00||66.04||62.00|
|Up&Go Energize choc||Sanitarium||68.09||88.09||26.14||67.68||54.14|
|Up&Go Energize vanilla||Sanitarium||68.53||88.53||26.94||68.08||54.94|
|Hunger Buster Liquid Fuel vanilla thriller||Hunger Buster||101.84||115.37||71.84||101.84||99.58|
|Hunger Buster Liquid Fuel double choc||Hunger Buster||106.62||118.35||76.62||106.62||104.62|
|(Source: Perezgonzalez, 20122)|
The initial research sample included 14 on-the-go ready-breakfast-meals2, collected in a convenient manner.
Materials & analysis
Relevant data were collated, then assessed using the Balanced Nutrition Index™ (BNI™) technology (see Perezgonzalez, 20111). SPSS-v18 was used for the computation of variables, including BNI and international indexes, and statistical analyses.
Most of the products were either produced locally or imported from Australia. The results of this study may thus be generalizable to the following populations (in order of decreasing generalization power):
- Internationally, if one assumes "liquid breakfast" products to be of approximately similar nutritional composition anywhere.
Want to know more?
- BNI™ database
- The database offers individual nutrition analyses for foods, including the food referred to in above article.
- BNI™ journal (2012, issue 4) - Liquid breakfast
- This issue of the Balanced Nutrition Index™ journal collates all BNI™ nutrition information about the original sample in a single book.
- Wiki of Science - Nutritional balance of foods
- This Wiki of Science page collates information about several foods on a single page and provides useful links to the appropiate files.
Jose D PEREZGONZALEZ (2012). Massey University, Turitea Campus, Private Bag 11-222, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand. (JDPerezgonzalez).