20120112 - Nutritional balance of buffalo milk

[Data] [<Normal page] [PEREZGONZALEZ Jose D (2011). Nutritional balance of buffalo milk. Journal of Knowledge Advancement & Integration (ISSN 1177-4576), 2012, pages 1-3.]

Buffalo milk BNI

Perezgonzalez assessed the nutritional balance of buffalo milk as for human consumption in 2012. Results were based on data published by Medhammar et al (20111).

Buffalo milk had, on average, a nutritional balance of BNI 104.33sf, being particularly biased towards excess of saturated fat. It was adequate in protein and sodium, low in carbohydrate and fiber, and high in sugar and fat. It also provided about 191mg of calcium per 100ml of milk.

Illustration 1: Nutrition information (buffalo milk)
BNI 104.33sf 0.00
Food, 100ml 2011 Ideal
Protein 4.0 5.0
Carbohydrate 4.4 13.8
Sugar 4.4 < 2.5
Fat 7.4 2.8
Saturated fat 5.8 < 1.1
Fiber 0.0 1.5
Sodium 0.047 < 0.100
Kcal 100.2 100.2
kJul 419.2 419.2
Illustration 2: Nutritional profile (buffalo milk)
65% *
60% *
55% *
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45% *
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10% * * *
5% * * *
mid p c f fb
max s sf na
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45% *
50% *
ideal % = grey cells; actual % = asterisk (*)

International standards

Buffalo milk appeared as extremely unbalanced according to international Recommended Dietary Intakes (RDIs).

Illustration 3: Nutritional balance across international RDIs
Product Data BNI WHO US/CAN AUS/NZ UK
Buffalo milk Medhammar et al 104.33 106.27 89.20 104.33 100.33
(Source: Perezgonzalez, 2011a2)

Methods

Research approach

Exploratory study.

Data

Collated from Medhammar et al (20111).

Materials & analysis

Relevant data were collated, then assessed using the Balanced Nutrition Index™ (BNI™) technology (see Perezgonzalez, 2011b3). SPSS-v16 was used for the computation of variables, including BNI and international indexes, and statistical analyses.

Generalization potential

Medhammar et al's (20111) data were based on international research. Thus, these results are also generalisable internationally.

References
1. MEDHAMMAR Elinor, Ramani WIJESINHA-BETTONI, Barbara STADLMAYR, Emma NILSSON, Ute Ruth CHARRONDIERE & Barbara BURLINGAME (2011). Composition of milk from minor dairy animals and buffalo breeds: a biodiversity perspective. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 2012, volume 92, issue 3, pages 445–474 (doi: 10.1002/jsfa.4690).
2. PEREZGONZALEZ Jose D (2011a). Nutritional balance of minor dairy animals' milk. The Balanced Nutrition Index (ISSN 1177-8849), 2012, issue 2. (Retrievable from http://www.lulu.com/spotlight/BNI)
3. PEREZGONZALEZ Jose D (2011b). Balanced Nutrition Index™ (BNI™). Journal of Knowledge Advancement & Integration (ISSN 1177-4576), 2011, pages 20-21. Also retrievable from Wiki of Science.

Want to know more?

BNI™ database
The database offers individual nutrition analyses for foods, including the food referred to in above article.
BNI™ journal (2012, issue 2) - Nutritional balance of minor dairy animals' milk
This issue of the Balanced Nutrition Index™ journal collates balance analyses done on Medhammar et al's data in a single book.
Wiki of Science - Nutritional balance of foods
This Wiki of Science page collates information about several foods on a single page and provides useful links to the appropiate files.

Author

Jose D PEREZGONZALEZ (2011). Massey University, Turitea Campus, Private Bag 11-222, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand. (JDPerezgonzalezJDPerezgonzalez).


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