|[Data]||[<Normal page] [PEREZGONZALEZ Jose D (2011). Nutritional balance of standard milk (2011). Journal of Knowledge Advancement & Integration (ISSN 1177-4576), 2011, pages 136-139.]|
Standard milk BNI - 2011
Perezgonzalez re-assessed the nutritional balance of standard milk in 20112, following on the steps of a similar study done in 20081. Both data were collected as part of a research on the nutritional balance of milk and milk alternatives in New Zealand.
In 2011, standard cow milk had, on average, a nutritional balance of BNI 88.42sf4, being particularly unbalanced towards excess of saturated fat. The average standard cow milk was also adequate in protein and sodium, high in sugar and fat, and low in carbohydrate and fiber. It also provided about 129mg of calcium per 100ml.
Standard milk appeared as highly unbalanced according to international Recommended Dietary Intakes (RDIs), although rather moderately unbalanced according to US and Canadian standards.
|Illustration 3: Nutritional balance across international RDIs|
|Pams whole milk powder||Pams||82.91||95.42||52.91||82.91||78.91|
|Meadow Fresh Calci Strong original||Goodman Fielder||86.07||97.83||56.07||86.07||82.07|
|Home Brand full cream milk (UHT)||Woolworths||86.08||99.62||56.08||86.08||82.08|
|Meadow Fresh Organic original||Goodman Fielder||86.33||97.32||56.33||86.33||82.33|
|Meadow Fresh Farmhouse||Goodman Fielder||86.46||93.36||53.60||83.60||79.60|
|Pams standard (UHT)||Pams||86.83||99.39||56.83||86.83||82.83|
|Home Brand standard milk||Progressive||86.85||97.58||56.85||86.85||82.85|
|Meadow Fresh original||Goodman Fielder||86.85||97.58||56.85||86.85||82.85|
|Anchor Super Blue||Fonterra||88.06||108.06||45.95||88.06||71.95|
|Lactose Free Milk full cream||Liddells||89.93||99.68||59.93||89.93||85.93|
|Anchor Blue Top (UHT)||Fonterra||90.00||101.22||60.00||90.00||86.00|
|Anchor whole milk powder||Fonterra||90.93||104.38||60.93||90.93||86.93|
|Budget milk standard||Safeway Traders||92.09||104.33||62.09||92.09||88.09|
|Home Brand full cream milk powder||Progressive||92.63||101.30||62.63||92.63||88.63|
|Lactose Free Milk high calcium semi-skim||Liddells||92.70||112.70||62.33||92.70||88.33|
|Anchor Simply Organic standard||Fonterra||94.51||107.02||64.51||94.51||90.51|
|Anchor Silver Top||Fonterra||94.80||105.03||64.80||94.80||90.80|
|(Source: Perezgonzalez, 2011a2)|
Correlations between indexes were positive, and tended to be moderate to high between pairs of international indexes, except for the pairs WHO and US/CAN, and WHO and UK, which showed almost no correlation between them.
|Illustration 4: Correlations between RDIs|
The original research was an exploratory study for describing the nutritional balance of milk in New Zealand in 2011. It was a follow-up of a similar study done in 20081.
The initial research sample included 68 milk products (ie, standard, semi-skimmed, skimmed, and flavored)2. The food products were collected in a convenient manner, looking more for a variety of brands than a random sampling of the same. The results in this study simply describe the 'subsample' of standard cow milk products within the original sample: ie, 19 brands of standard milk.
Materials & analysis
Milk products were purchased from local supermarket chains in Palmerston North, New Zealand. Nutrition information for each milk product was retrieved from the nutrition information panel on each item, to be assessed using the Balanced Nutrition Index™ (BNI™) technology (see Perezgonzalez, 2011b3). SPSS-v16 was used for variable computations, including BNI and international indexes, and statistical analysis, which included descriptives and correlations.
Most of the products were produced locally, although some may have been imported or exported, especially from and to Australia, respectively. Thus, the results of this study may be generalizable to the following populations (in order of decreasing generalization power):
- Internationally, if one assumes milk products to be of approximately similar nutritional composition anywhere.
Want to know more?
- BNI™ database
- The database offers individual nutrition analyses for foods, including those referred to in above article.
- BNI™ journal (2011, issue 6) - White gold
- This issue of the Balanced Nutrition Index™ journal collates all BNI™ nutrition information for the original sample in a single book.
- Wiki of Science - Nutritional balance of foods
- This Wiki of Science page collates information about several foods on a single page and provides useful links to the appropiate files.
Jose D PEREZGONZALEZ (2011). Massey University, Turitea Campus, Private Bag 11-222, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand. (JDPerezgonzalez).
|Other interesting sites|
Wiki of Science
The Balanced Nutrition Index