Nutritional balance of standard milk
This article offers descriptive data regarding the nutritional balance of standard milk. These data were collected for a research on milk and milk alternatives in New Zealand between 2007 and 2008 (Perezgonzalez, 20081).
Standard (whole or full cream) milk is defined as that containing around 3.5% fat. This article, however, analyzes the nutritional balance of standard milk beyond its fat content. Indeed, the average standard milk (in this sample) is high in fat and saturated fat, but also adequate in protein, low in carbohydrate but high in sugar4, low in fiber, and within maximum recommended limits for sodium.
On average, standard milk has a nutritional balance of BNI 86.80s, being particularly unbalanced towards excess of sugar.
Standard milk appears as highly unbalanced according to international Recommended Dietary Intakes (RDIs), although less so according to U.S. and Canada's standards, which allow for a higher content of sugars and fat.
|Illustration 3: Nutritional balance across different RDIs (standard milk)|
|Pams whole milk powder||Pams||82.91||95.42||52.91||82.91||78.91|
|Meadow Fresh Junior||Goodman Fielder||86.07||97.83||56.07||86.07||82.07|
|Meadow Fresh Calci Kids||Goodman Fielder||86.64||106.64||42.69||86.64||68.69|
|Meadow Fresh Family||Goodman Fielder||86.85||97.58||56.85||86.85||82.85|
|Meadow Fresh Calci Strong original||Meadow Fresh||90.66||110.66||41.64||90.66||67.64|
|Budget milk standard||Safeway Traders||92.09||104.33||62.09||92.09||88.09|
|Farmgate Dairy homogenised||United Milk||92.09||104.33||62.09||92.09||88.09|
|Home Brand standard milk||Progressive||94.04||106.83||64.04||94.04||90.04|
|Anchor Blue top||Fonterra||95.72||106.44||65.72||95.72||91.72|
|(Source: Perezgonzalez, 20081)|
|Illustration 4: Correlations between RDIs|
Correlations between indexes vary. Correlations with the BNI™ and AUS/NZ indexes are positive but not necessarily high. Yet, there also appear negative correlations between WHO and US/CAN indexes, and between WHO and UK indexes, suggesting that the nutritional balance of standard milk would be interpreted differently depending on whether the focus is on the prevention of malnutrition and disease internationally (WHO) or on normal dietary requirements for national populations (US/CAN, UK).
Jose D PEREZGONZALEZ (2011). Massey University, Turitea Campus, Private Bag 11-222, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand. (JDPerezgonzalez).
|Other interesting sites|
Wiki of Science
The Balanced Nutrition Index